Type D personality in patients with cardiovascular disease and its impact on physical activity

Authors: A.N. Sumin, O.I. Raykh

Company: Research Institute of Complex Problems of Cardiovascular Disease, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

For citation: Sumin A.N., Raykh O.I. Type D personality in patients with cardiovascular disease and its impact on physical activity. Kreativnaya kardiologiya. 2014; 2: 28-35.

Keywords: personality type D physical activity hypodynamia cardiac patients

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The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between personality type D and the level of daily physical activity in cardiac patients. The study included 178 patients with ischemic heart disease and arterial hypertension (141 males, 37 females, age 59±4 years). The study of the psychological status was carried out using questionnaire DS-14, and special questionnaire on materials International Physical Activity Study.

The patients were divided into 2 groups: patients with the presence of type D (n=55) and group 2 – patients without type D (n=123). The largest number of patients with personality type D have a low level of physical activity 41 (83.2%), at that time among patients without type D that is marked out in only 11 (8.6%) (р<0.002). Plural logistic regression analysis has reported that type D personality (odds ratio 3.12; р=0.004) has made the independent influence on low stage of readiness for physical activity. The prevalence of type D personality associated with a low stage of readiness for physical activity. These patients constitute a high-risk group for adverse outcomes of cardiovascular diseases and require a closer follow-up including programs of psychological correction.


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Chief Editor

Leo A. Bockeria, MD, PhD, DSc, Professor, Academician of Russian Academy of Sciences, President of Bakoulev National Medical Research Center for Cardiovascular Surgery