Obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of cardiovascular disease

Authors: Magomedova N.M., Golukhova E.Z.

Company: A.N. Bakoulev Scientific Center for Cardiovascular Surgery of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation; Rublevskoe shosse, 135, Moscow, 121552, Russian Federation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15275/kreatkard.2016.03.03

For citation: Magomedova N.M., Golukhova E.Z.. Obstructive sleep apnea and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Kreativnaya Kardiologiya. 2016; 10 (3): 201-209 (in Russian)

Keywords:

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Abstract

The review is on the relationship of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and cardiovascular disease. The causes of sleep apnea are described – the mechanism of stopping breath during sleep and the possible consequences of this disorder. In patients with coronary heart disease with cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension, obesity, respiratory disorders during sleep are very common. There are data on influence of sleep apnea on risk of adverse cardiovascular events. An analysis of randomized trials results is presented, which reveals positive effect of CPAP therapy for the treatment of these categories of patients. It is noted that the treatment effect is higher in patients with better adherence to CPAP therapy. There are still on the studies on reducing risk of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, diabetes mellitus in patients with concomitant obstructive sleep apnea by continuous positive airway pressure therapy.

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Chief Editor

Leo A. Bockeria, MD, PhD, DSc, Professor, Academician of Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of Bakoulev National Medical Research Center for Cardiovascular Surgery