Ischemic brain injury and cognitive impairmentin patients with atrial fibrillation

Authors: Golukhova E.Z., Shumilina M.V., Kabisova A.K.

Company: Bakoulev National Medical Research Center for Cardiovascular Surgery of Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Rublevskoe shosse, 135, Moscow, 121552, Russian Federation

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Type:  Heart rhythm disorders


DOI: https://doi.org/10.24022/1997-3187-2018-12-1-31-39

For citation: Golukhova E.Z., Shumilina M.V., Kabisova A.K. Ischemic brain injury and cognitive impairment in patients with atrial fibrillation. Kreativnaya Kardiologiya (Creative Cardiology). 2018; 12 (1): 31–9 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.24022/1997-3187-2018-12-1-31-39.

Received / Accepted:  06.08.2017/08.08.2017

Keywords: atrial fibrillation silent cerebral infarctions cognitive impairment

Полнотекстовая версия:  

 

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation is the most common form of cardiac arrhythmia, which is associated with high risk of stroke and post-stroke disability. Besides acute brain ischemic damage, neuroimaging assessment of patients with atrial fibrillation frequently reveals silent brain lesions, and the quantity and volume of the latter correlate with cognitive dysfunction in these patients. In the present review we summarized the results of contemporary studies of mechanisms of ischemic brain damage in patients with atrial fibrillation, the data of the association between cognitive dysfunction/dementia and atrial fibrillation in cardiologic patients. In addition, we considered the problem of diagnosis of cognitive dysfunction in patients with heart diseases.

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About Authors

  • Golukhova Elena Zelikovna, Dr Med. Sc., Professor, Academician of Russian Academy of Sciences, Head of Department, Deputy Chief Editor of the Journal, orcid.org/0000-0002-6252-0322;
  • Shumilina Margarita Vladimirovna, Dr Med. Sc., Head of Department, Ultrasonic Diagnostics Physician, orcid.org/0000-0001-9871-8173;
  • Kabisova Agunda Kaurbegovna, Cardiologist, Junior Researcher, orcid.org/0000-0003-4856-4019

Chief Editor

Leo A. Bockeria, MD, PhD, DSc, Professor, Academician of Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of Bakoulev National Medical Research Center for Cardiovascular Surgery